Temple of Aphrodite
Ancient greeks row out to a temple on a lake to honor Aphrodite with flowers and salutations.
• Title: Temple of Aphrodite
• Subject: Adoration of Venus
• Location: Maui, Hawaii
• Completed: 1988
• Pieces: One
• Style: Visionary
• Colors: Blue, White
• Signed: Yes
• Frame: n/a
• Purchase: Giclee, Other
Many Greek people recognized the major gods and goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Dionysus, Aphrodite, Hephaestus, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, Heracles, Hestia, Asclepius and Hera though philosophies such as Stoicism and some forms of Platonism used language that seems to posit a transcendent single deity.
Different cities often worshipped the same deities, sometimes with epithets that distinguished them and specified their local nature.
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation. Her Roman equivalent is the goddess Venus.
Because of her beauty, other gods feared that their rivalry over her would interrupt the peace among them and lead to war, so Zeus married her to Hephaestus, who, because of his ugliness and deformity, was not seen as a threat. Aphrodite had many lovers—both gods, such as Ares and men, such as Anchises. She played a role in the Eros and Psyche legend and later was both Adonis’s lover and his surrogate mother. Many lesser beings were said to be children of Aphrodite.
Aphrodite is also known as Cytherea (Lady of Cythera) and Cypris (Lady of Cyprus) after the two cult sites, Cythera and Cyprus, which claimed to be her place of birth. Myrtle, doves, sparrows, horses and swans were said to be sacred to her. The ancient Greeks identified her with the Ancient Egyptian goddess Hathor.
The gods and goddesses, as well as various mortals, were invited to the marriage of Peleus and Thetis (the eventual parents of Achilles). Only the goddess Eris (Discord) was not invited, but she arrived with a golden apple inscribed with the word kallistēi (“to the fairest one”), which she threw among the goddesses. Aphrodite, Hera, and Athena all claimed to be the fairest, and thus the rightful owner of the apple.
The goddesses chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Paris. After bathing in the spring of Mount Ida (where Troy was situated), the goddesses appeared before Paris. Having been given permission by Zeus to set any conditions he saw fit, Paris required the goddesses to undress before him to be evaluated. (Alternatively, the goddesses themselves chose to disrobe.) Still, Paris could not decide, as all three were ideally beautiful, so the goddesses resorted to bribes.
Hera tried to bribe Paris with control over all Asia and Europe, while Athena offered wisdom, fame, and glory in battle, and Aphrodite offered the most beautiful mortal woman in the world as a wife and he accordingly chose her. This woman was Helen, who was, unfortunately for Paris, already married to King Menelaus of Sparta. The other two goddesses were enraged by this and through Helen’s abduction by Paris, they brought about the Trojan War.
I finished this work after I returned from my vacation in Greece.
Courtesy of Wikipedia